Information technology (IT) in the modern world is universally applied. Health care is no exception. Modern IT developments have a positive impact on the development of new ways of organizing medical care for the population. A large number of countries are actively using new technologies in the health sector. Carrying out of teleconsultations of patients and personnel, exchange of information about patients between different institutions, remote recording of physiological parameters, monitoring of real-time operations – all these possibilities are provided by the introduction of information technology into medicine. This brings health care information to a new level of development, positively affecting all aspects of its activities.
Modern Technologies in Medicine
The introduction of IT in the healthcare sphere allows to improve the quality of services, significantly speed up the work of personnel and reduce the cost of care for patients.
Information technologies in medicine and health care help to solve the following problems:
- to keep records of clinic patients;
- to monitor their condition remotely;
- to preserve and transmit the results of diagnostic tests;
- to monitor the correctness of the prescribed treatment;
- to conduct remote training;
- to give advice to inexperienced employees.
Information technology in medicine makes possible to conduct quality monitoring of patients’ condition. The management of electronic medical records allows to reduce the time spent by the clinic staff on the various forms formalization. All patient information is presented in one document, which is available to medical institutions personnel. All survey data and the results of procedures are also entered directly into the electronic medical record. This allows other professionals to assess the quality of the prescribed treatment, detect diagnostic errors.
Application of IT in medicine allows physicians to conduct online consultations at any time. This increases the availability of medical services. People can get qualified help from experienced doctors remotely. This is especially necessary for people:
- living in geographically remote areas;
- with limited physical abilities;
- who are in an emergency situation;
- which are in a closed space.
Thus, there is no need for patients or doctors to travel long distances for a consultation. A doctor can evaluate the patient’s condition with the help of modern information technologies, carry out his examination and get acquainted with all the results of his examinations. Such consultations are necessary not only for patients with physiological difficulties. Conversations also help people who need psychiatric or psychological help. Audiovisual communication allows you to establish contact with the patient and provide him with the necessary support.
Prospects for Health Care Informatization
Today, medical information systems are actively developing, allowing institutions to work more efficiently and quickly. Informatization of public health services is receiving increased attention from the authorities. Financial investments in the development of new medical IT have a positive impact on their promotion and improvement. Developers are constantly working on improving this software for clinics. Regular updates give users the opportunity to use all available information technologies in medicine.
In addition, today there is a growing need to introduce innovations in the health system. Ensuring maximum protection of the data of such systems remains an urgent issue. Therefore, now the forces of developers are aimed at eliminating the possibility of intrusions from outside. Informatization of healthcare is a rather broad concept, which also includes activities aimed at informing specialists using IT about scientific achievements in the world in the field of medicine. Thus, it is an effective way to train and upgrade the skills of hospital staff and clinics.
With the help of such technologies, doctors can quickly get information about new developments and discoveries that will help them to work more effectively. This problem is especially urgent for health workers who work in remote settlements.
The introduction of innovative technologies into medicine is quick and easy. The interface of such systems is accessible and intuitive even to unprepared users. Clinic staff is able to learn the work of these new technologies quickly. Developers will help to understand all the nuances of the product. After completing the training, which takes a minimum of time, the medical staff will be able to:
- to work with information resources;
- to hold teleconferences;
- to work in local and global computer networks;
- to use help systems.
Application of Information Technologies in Medicine
The opportunities of modern IT in health care make it possible to have a positive impact on all aspects of health care. Application of information technology in medicine also allows:
- to conduct distance learning;
- to establish contacts with colleagues for the exchange of experience;
- to receive the latest information in the field of health.
In addition, the technologies allow to improve the management of the medical institution. Medical systems make it possible to automate the work of:
- administration of the clinic;
- planning and economic department;
- human resources department;
- financial service;
- material services.
Also, managers have the opportunity to interact with the mandatory health insurance fund, the territorial health management body more effectively. IT in medicine allows you to optimize the work of doctors, E.R., reception and other services.
In addition, the use of innovative systems simplifies the system of drug provision of the institution. New technologies help quickly:
- to carry out registration of income-expenditure transactions;
- to carry out the control of warehouses;
- to formulate applications for the supply of medicines;
- to control the consumption of medicines;
- to carry out writing-off of materials and preparations;
- to create and submit to the parent bodies reporting documents.
Information technologies in medicine are actively applied in the sphere of education. Remote seminars allow students of universities and medical schools to acquire the necessary knowledge. Such technologies enable young specialists to attend lectures of eminent doctors, gain new knowledge and experience.